Patrs
CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC UNION OF GERMANY

CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC UNION OF GERMANY

THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC UNION OF GERMANY (CDU) - Germany's leading political party, founded in 1945 by a group of former politicians from the Weimar Republic to prevent attempts to revive fascism in Germany. The CDU was originally a civic movement for Catholics and Protestants. The Union grew rapidly and became the dominant party in 1950-1966 under the first President, Konrad Adenauer, who served as chancellor from 1949-1963. In 1957, the CDU, together with the Christian Social Union (CSU) in Bavaria, received an absolute majority in the federal assembly, the Bundestag. Thanks to the next leader of the CDU, Ludwig Erhard, the country's chancellor from 1963-1966, the country was able to recover from the war. During the presidency of Helmut Kohl in 1973-1998 (Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1982-1998), a single European currency - the euro - was created. In 1989, after the Fall of the Berlin Wall, the leader initiated the reunification of Germany. The CDU operates throughout the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany, except for the state of Bavaria (the leading party is the CSU). The CDU and CSU got united in a bloc that became one of the most significant political forces in the country. The bloc’s partner in the government coalition in 1949-1957, 1961-1966, 1982-1998, 2009-2013 was the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP). In 2013, the CDU / CSU bloc won the elections to the Bundestag, gaining 31 seats in parliament, which is 49% of the total number of seats. Since 2000, the chairman of the CDU has been Angela Merkel. The general secretary of the party is Peter Tauber. In 2005, Angela Merkel was elected Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 2016, she was re-elected chairman of the CDU for the ninth time. In the 2017 Bundestag elections, the CDU / CSU bloc gained 200 seats, accounting for 28% of the total. The party also actively participates in the elections to the European Parliament. For example, in 2019 the CDU / CSU bloc got 29 seats (30%). The party is part of the European People's Party, which is the center-right faction of the European Parliament. The CDU is a partner party of United Russia. The main programmatic principles of the CDU include adherence to the ethical foundations of Christianity in politics, the idea of a "social market economy", strong integration of the FRG into Western structures and adherence to the Western value system. An important role is assigned to the strengthening of transatlantic relations. The Union's foreign policy concept focuses on Germany playing a leading role in the process of European unification, while maintaining its identity. In 1947, the Young Union of Germany (Junge Union Deutschlands) was created. This youth organization, based on the basis of the CDU / CSU bloc, is the largest youth political organization under the party in Germany (over 120,000 members). As of 2019, the party has more than 407,000 members. Official website of the party: http://www.cdu.de