Patrs
CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION IN BAVARIA

CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION IN BAVARIA

THE CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION IN BAVARIA (CSU) – the conservative party of Germany, founded in 1945, which has a regional orientation; the party operates on the territory of Bavaria, one of the largest areas in Germany. The CSU is the third largest party in Germany in terms of the number of members (over 140,800 people). The party's headquarters are located in the capital of Bavaria, Munich. The ideology of the CSU is based on the recognition of the values of conservatism, Christian Social Teaching and federalism. The party charter and program were adopted in 1946. Josef Müller was the founder and first chairman of the party. The CSU is considered the successor to the Catholic Bavarian People's Party of the Weimar era. In 1950, the party refused to join the all-German Christian Democratic Union (CDU), but established strong ties with the union at the federal level, formed a bloc with it and formed a faction in the Bundestag, the German national parliament (CDU / CSU). The CDU operates in all other 15 states except Bavaria. In addition, the CSU cooperates with other international parties, including the Russian party "United Russia". CSU is a member of the Council of Europe, a member of the European People's Party and the International Democrat Union In 2005, the party won 46 seats in the federal elections in the Bundestag. Party leader Markus Söder has served as Prime Minister of Bavaria since 2018. This position was held by representatives of the CSU from 1946 to 1954, and since 1957, the CSU has won an absolute majority in regional elections in Bavaria on its own. In the 2003 Bavarian elections, the CSU gained 124 seats, i.e. 69% of the total number of seats in the state parliament. This was the first time that a party received a two-thirds majority in the German parliament. In 2008, the CSU gained 92 seats in regional elections (49% of the total) and, together with the Free Democratic Party, created a coalition government. In 2013, the CSU achieved success in the elections both at the regional (101 seats, 56% of the total number) and at the federal level (56 seats, 9% of the seats). The CSU won a majority in the Bavarian State Parliament (Bayerischer Landtag) and strengthened its position in the national parliament by increasing its representation by 11 seats. Following the 2018 Bavarian state elections, the CSU formed a new government with the Free Voters of Bavaria. Since its inception, the CSU has been a more conservative party than the CDU. The CSU, like the CDU, is a Euro-optimistic party. The CSU and the Bavarian authorities refused to sign the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany because they were against the division of Germany into two states after World War II. In the federal elections in 2017, the party won 46 seats, which was 6% of the total number of seats. In the 2018 regional elections in Bavaria, the party won 85 seats, i.e. 41% of the total. After the elections, the CSU formed a new government together with the Free Voters Party. Party’s official website: https://www.csu.de/