Patrs
SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION

SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION

THE SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION (SCO) - a permanent intergovernmental regional organization, whose members are eight states: the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Since 2004, the SCO has been an Observer at the UN General Assembly. SCO Observer States: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Republic of Belarus, Islamic Republic of Iran, Mongolia. SCO Dialogue Partners - the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Official languages: Russian and Chinese. The main goals of the SCO are: strengthening mutual trust and good-neighborliness between the participating countries; promoting their effective cooperation in the political, trade, economic, scientific, technological and cultural fields, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection etc.; joint ensuring and maintenance of peace, security and stability in the region; advancing towards the creation of a democratic, just and rational new international political and economic order. In relations within the organization, the SCO member states, proceeding from the "Shanghai Spirit", adhere to the principles of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, mutual consultations, respect for the diversity of cultures and striving for joint development, while its external policy is conducted in accordance with the principles of non-alignment, non-targeting any third country, and openness. The SCO member states interact in this field, on the basis of the goals and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. Not being a military-political bloc, the SCO supports the “New Security Concept”, which consists of a policy of non-alignment and ensuring peace. Since its inception, the SCO has made significant strides in politics and security. A number of mechanisms for meetings and encounters have been established between the ministries of defense, law enforcement agencies, and the judiciary of the member states, with the help of which the member states strengthen consultations and coordinate actions on regional and international issues, provide mutual support to each other and establish close cooperation on important international and regional issues. Coordination and cooperation are being strengthened in such areas as protecting and enhancing the role of the UN, maintaining global and regional security, advancing the international arms control process, preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and an arms race in outer space. Close interaction is being carried out to implement the Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism, signed in Shanghai in 2001. Practical work is carried out on the basis of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), which demonstrates significant results in countering terrorism, separatism and extremism. The work of the RATS is to identify, prevent and suppress manifestations of those in the territories of the SCO member states, eliminate their causes, conditions for emergence and their spread, as well as counteract their propaganda. The SCO member states regularly conduct joint anti-terrorist exercise through law enforcement agencies and the armed forces of the member states - "Peace Mission".